عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
When it comes to intelligence and clever behavior, the first picture that comes to mind advanced creatures like mammals and ranked first in humans. However, do non-advanced organisms such as microorganisms have clever intelligence and behavior? Are there strategies and mechanisms for different situations? In addition, do they have the program to survive? Communicative competences and the use of the semiochemical vocabulary enable bacteria to develop, organise and coordinate rich social life with a great variety of behavioral patterns even in which they organise themselves like multicellular organisms.
They have existed almost four billion years and still survive; they have been during the evolutionary history and have made adjustments. Recent researches have shown that bacteria are derived ability of the edit genome from viruses.
In this paper, microbial intelligence and their presence in microbial communities and illustrates some communication paths between bacteria and viruses were studied. Biotechnological applications of microbial social relationships are determined and the new strategy revealed against pathogenic bacteria based on these same communicative and routine interactions between bacteria.